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Bohuslav

Ros River
Ros River
It is the regional center (16,700 residents) on the banks of Ros River. The chronicles mentioned the Bohuslavl Fortress, together with Kaniv and Korsun (Korsun-Shevchenkivsk), in 1195 as one of the three best-fortified southern frontier outposts of Kyivan Rus. It failed to prevent complete destruction by a Mongolian horde in 1240. Next time it was mentioned in 1591, when Polish King Zygmunt gave it to Volyn Voivode Ya. Ostrozky. In 1620, the city obtains the Magdeburg Right and coat of arms. During the Liberation war of Ukrainian people in 1648, Poles were driven out of the city for several years, and it became the township of Bila Tserkva and then Korsun Sotnia. In 1777, the Polish King presented the Bohuslav starostwo to Duke S. Poniatowski, and in 1793 it was ceded to the Russian Empire. The highest achievements of Ukrainian folk poetry are associated with this city: the duma "Marusia Bohuslavka" and ballad "In the Town of Bohuslavka", which created the outstanding folk image of Ukrainian woman-patriot. Being a slave of Turkish Pasha, Marusia Bohuslavka opened a dungeon and set free seven hundred Kozaks-slaves will. The subject of this duma was used in his work of the same name Ukrainian classical author I. Nechuy-Levytskiy, which studied (1847-1852) and taught (1859-1861) in Bohuslav. There is a monument to Marusia Bohuslavka on the high right riverbank.

The contemporary city was built on a granite massif eroded for hundreds of millennia with the current of Ros. It led to formation of picturesque river valley with showy boulders scattered on the slopes; in geology they are known as Bohuslav granites the age of which makes almost 2bn years. The Trinity Church (1862) is the only late-classical architectural monument protected by the state. There are also the museum of artist I. Soshenko's estate, two museums of local lore, history and economy and museum of fine art in Bohuslav.


 
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