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Boyarka

Church of St. Archangel Michael (St. Michael's Church)
Church of St. Archangel Michael (St. Michael's Church)
Boyarka is a town (34,800 residents) in Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Region situated in the area of watershed of rivers Irpin and Siverka. The knoll with a church on it and telics of old cemetery mark the site of Kyivan Rus settlement. Afterwards there was the Budaivka Village built in the early 16th c. With the Kyiv-Fastiv railroad laying in the 1860s a station was built here and named after the nearby village of Boyarka (which, in its turn, was renamed Tarasivka). In the wonderful forest, dacha settlements began to develop and soon became popular with Kyivites. Composer Lysenko, actress Zankovetska, writer Hrinchenko, artist Pymonenko, and poet S. Nadson used to come here. S. Rabinovitz (Sholom Aleichem) frequented Boyarka as well; in his best-known work Tobias the Dairyman he described it under the name of Boyberik, and Tevelya, the inn owner from nearby Village Zabirya, became the prototype of protagonist Tobias.

In the fall of 1921, Boyarka becomes a field of battle for delivery of fuel resources to Kyiv. There was a decision made to construct a narrow-gauge railroad to transport the stockpiled firewood from nearby forests to the Boyarka station. This ordinary event might have been forgotten if not for its participant Komsomol fugleman. In 1930, paralyzed, he began writing his novel As Steel Was Hardened (1934), in which he gave a sincere and accurate account of the winter events in Boyarka. Then Soviet propaganda snapped into action: movies were made after the novel, ballet and opera staged; the novel itself was included into the school curriculum, and its main character Pavlo Korchagin was declared the youth hero of the country. After the author's demise in 1936, the literary-memorial museums of M. Ostrovskiy were opened in Shepetivka and Moscow. In Boyarka a monument to M. Ostrovskiy was erected near the museum of local lore, history and economy (1971), and at the school next door, where the Komsomol builders of the narrow-gauge railroad had lived, the monument to Pavlo Korchagin was erected (1979). There is also a unique small steam locomotive DO-15776, which transported firewood.


 
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