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Chornobyl

Chornobyl
Chornobyl
Chornobyl is an uninhabited town, Ivankiv Region, located on the hilly right banks of the rivers Prypyat and Uzh. It is one of the oldest towns of Prydniprovya: the chronicles mention it under 1193. In the second half of the 15 th c, when these lands were under the Lithuanian Duchy, a castle was built near Chornobyl fortified with a defensive ditch, which can still be seen. The castle underwent reconstruction in the early 16th c. and became a well-fortified district center. In 1569, in the new confederated state officially known as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita) Chornobyl became the Polish patrimony and got the status of township. The social oppression of local population was exacerbated by religious persecutions. In 1600, a church was erected and a Dominican monastery founded here, while eastern orthodoxists were persecuted for administration of their rites. In the 17th and 18th c. a number of rebellions swept over the town; the local authorities easily pacified these unrests. Being ceded to the Russian Empire in 1793, Chornobyl lost its administrative status and became a jerkwater town in the Kyiv Province. The town was up and about in the next century and on top of its development at the turn of 19th and 20th c. Seventeen thousand townies (the all-time high) were engaged in shipping, fishing and market gardening. On the eve of the Great Patriotic war in 1941 Chernobyl became an urban settlement once more and forty-five years later it made headlines all over the world. Its Herostratos fame is ungrounded; the biggest APP accident took place not in Chornobyl, but in Prypyat, a town 20km to the NW. In the FSU they used to name atomic stations after regions where they were located, e.g. Zaporizhzhia, Khmelnytsk, Rivne APP etc. However, they decided that this time they would rather name the APP after the regional center, on the territory of which it was located. To tell the truth, Chornobyl made up for the injustice growing into the center of coordination of APP accident elimination and management of the 30-kilometre resettlement zone. Chornobyl has become a kind of a type identified with Ukraine. One can visit Chornobyl now with a special permit only or with a tourist group organized in Kyiv.


 
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