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Corop

The Church of the Ascension
The Church of the Ascension
Corop is a regional center (5,500 residents) situated on the high left bank of wide Desna River Valley. A chronicle mentioned it for the first time as Khorobr in 1153. From the 12th to 13th c. it was one of urban settlements of Novhorod Siversky and Briansk principalities; in the second half of the 14th and 15th c. it was included into the Lithuanian Duchy. From 1503 to 1618, Corop was under Muscovy and later under the Rzeczpospolita. After Muscovy took control of Ukrainian lands (1654) it became a sotnia town of Nizhyn regiment. Under Hetman I. Samoilovych they made artillery here. They cast cannons and cannon balls from bog ore extracting it from the Desna floodplain. Until 1782, Corop remained the material base of Ukrainian artillery; however, later it downgraded to a county town. The Church of the Ascension (1764) reminds about those times [10], while the unique St. Elijah church-fortress (early 18thc.) with two-meter walls lies in ruins. In 1853, M. Kybalchych, known inventor and revo-lutionary-narodnik was born into a family of Corop priest. He was sentenced to death for his participation in assassination of tsar Alexander II carried out by bombers. Waiting for the execution, M. Kybalchych outlined a sketch of the first jet aircraft. In the central park of Corop there is a monument to M. Kybalchych (1965, sculptor E. Kuntsevych), and his native house became a memorial museum.


 
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