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Hutsuls

Hutsuls
 
The population on both sides of the Carpathians is divided into three groups: the Lemkians, the Boikians, and the Hutsuls. Hutsuls is an ethnographic group of Ukrainian highlanders inhabiting the Hutsul region in the Carpathian Mountains.

Archeological evidence of human existence in the region dates back 100,000 years. Place-names in the regions valleys eg, Kniazdvir on the Prut River, Kniazhe on the Cheremosh River, Knia-zhyi Forest near Bereziv Vyzhnii, and Boiarske Pasture in Zelena indicate that the region was settled during the period of Kyiv Rus and the Principality of Galicia-Volhynia (9-13th centuries). References to salt mines ('Kolomyia salt') are found in the Chronicle, and the earliest recorded mention of a settlement there (1367) is that of the salt-raining center of Utoropy. Many other Hutsul settlements and monasteries are mentioned in municipal and land documents beginning in the 15th century.

The Hutsul folk traditions are rich in songs, many of which glorify the deeds of O. Dovbush, and the Rumanian rebel, G. Pintea. The Hutsuls also have distinctive folk music and dances. Their kolo-myiki and troisti muzyky have gained popularity far beyond the Hutsul region. Since parts of the Hutsul region have mixed Ukrainian-Romanian population, certain cultural features of the Romanian and other Balkan peoples are discernible among the Hutsuls. Their instrumental music, for example, is very rhythmic, like that of the Balkan region. The most popular Hutsul folk dances are the fast-paced hutaulka and, around Rakliiv, the trybushanka.


 
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