Ivan Franko was a great poet, prose writer, playwrighter, literary critic, translator, journalist, and public figure. He left a rich legacy made up of nearly five thousand fiction and nonfiction works, theoretical, essays and articles written in Ukrainian, Russian, Polish, German and other languages.
Ivan Franko was born on August 27, 1836, into the family of a blacksmith in a village of Lviv Region.
After finishing gymnasium in the town of Drogobych Ivan Franko continued his education in Lviv and later in Chernivtsi. In 1891 he graduated from the department of Philology of Cher-nivtsi University.
Ivan Franko was the most outstanding poet in the post-Shevchenko period of Ukrainian literature. In his best collection of poems, "From the Heights and the Depths", he democratized the ' traditional forms of poetry.
Ivan Fianko's prose enriched Ukrainian literature with a new gallery of characters. In "His Own Fault", "Forests and Pastures", and many other stories, I. Franko draws the reader's attention to the social dream of the Galician village.
Ivan Franko's profound knowledge of human nature in its varied manifestations makes his characters strikingly alive. Characteristically, the writer often called his works studies in psychology.