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Korosten

Korosten
Korosten
Korosten is the oldest oblast city (65,800 residents) of Northern Ukraine, regional center on the rocky banks of Uzh River. Early in the 10th c. Iskorosten was a fortified town and center of principality of Drevliany. It remembers one of the most tragic events in Kyivan Rus history. In 945 the Drevliany rose in rebellion against Kyiv Prince Igor's attempt to repeatedly collect tribute. They smashed Igor's detachment and killed him. Duchess Olga, his wife, managed by ruse and captured the rebellious Iskorosten, massacred its residents, and reduced the fortress to ashes. It took four centuries for the settlement to revive as a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. At the end of the l6thc. Iskorosten became a domain of gentleman Mierzwinski, which got permission to found a township. He built a castle and obtained the Magdeburg right for Iskorosten in 1598. However, his efforts were in vain: for another century the thinly populated town lived in poverty. It revived only in 1902, when the Kyiv—Kovel railroad via Korosten was put into operation. Such jerkwater history of Korosten determined the absence of notable architectural landmarks. Many monuments were erected in the times of rapid Soviet urban development in the 20th c, which permitted Korosten to become the third most populated city in the oblast. They included the memorial to proclamation of soviet power in Korosten in 1917 (1967), monument to the All-Ukrainian strike of railroaders in 1918 (1969), monument to Komsomol members of the 20th c. (1973); six monuments to V. Lenin (1935-1975), and two monuments to K. Marx (1961-1965) to name a few.

Fortunately, there is a historical place in Korosten, where one goes like to a museum exhibiting geological relics of Ukraine. The shady alleys of cozy M. Ostrovsky Park lead down to the Uzh River Valley following the scour in two-billion-year-old granite. The scattered enormous boulders are extraordinarily picturesque. Some most expressive granite formations were named the Bath of Duchess Olga, Giant cauldrons, Sheep's foreheads. Among prominent buildings for public worship there is a showy orthodox cathedral built in downtown Korosten during the Independence of Ukraine.


 
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