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Land

The Black Sea, Sudak
The Black Sea, Sudak
Ukraine consists largely of a flat, fertile plain with no natural boundaries except the Carpathian Mountains in the southwest and the Black Sea in the south. Great areas are occupied by steppes and forest-steppe regions.
Lowlands occupy a considerable part of the country. In the north lies the Polissia Lowland. On the Left Bank, the Dnieper Lowland runs along the Dnieper River. The Black Sea Lowland skirts the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Between the Southern Buh and the middle reaches of the Dnieper lies the Dnieper Plateau. At its highest point it is 321 m. The Volhynia Plateau is 200-300 m in elevation. The Podillia Plateau lies between the Dnieper and Southern Buh. Its surface is cut by valleys of 150-200 m. In the southeast of the country lies the Donets Ridge and the Azov Plateau.

Within the borders of Ukraine we find the Carpathian Mountains with the highest peak Hoverla (2,061 m) which is located in the Chornohora massif. The Carpathians are young folded mountains, so they have flat summits and gentle slopes. The flat area of the treeless summit is called a polonyna.
The Crimean Mountains stretch in three parallel ranges. Their southern slopes are steep, the northern ones are more gentle. The Main Range is the highest, rising to 1,500 m above sea level. Its highest peak is Roman Kosh (1,545 m).


 
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The Geographical Position of Ukraine
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