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Mezyn

Mezyn
 
Mezyn, Korop region, is a village (347 residents) on the steep right bank of Desna River. In 1908, Ukrainian scientist, associate professor of Petersburg University F. Volkov found an Upper Paleolithic settlement (20 millennia B.C.) on the slope of old gully; it became one of the most famous global archaeological discoveries in Ukraine. The archeological dig of many years (1908-1961) on the picturesque slopes of Desna permitted to study the settlement on the area of over 1000 m2. The scientists found remains of five yaranga-like roundish habitations up to 6m in diameter. These houses are made of big bones of animals, mainly mammoths, reindeer, and wood. One of full-scale reconstructions is exhibited in the archaeological museum of the National natural museum of the NAS of Ukraine in Kyiv. The Mezyn finds include over 100,000 objects, about 5,000 of which are domestic flint instruments (knives, scrapers, chisels etc.). The sculptures of women, cut out from a mammoth tusk, bangles with meanders, bone pendants and marine shells are especially interesting. The red ochre patterns on some big bones of a mammoth suggested that these were the oldest finds of percussion instruments. In 1965, near the dig of the Mezyn settlement, the museum, exhibiting over a half of all objects found here, was opened.


 
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