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Novi Petrivtsi

Novi Petrivtsi
 
It is a big village (7,700 residents), Vyshhorod Region, situated on the right bank of the Kyiv Reservoir. Novi Petrivtsi appeared in time of Kyivan Rus, when many high-right-bank places suitable for dwelling were already populated. During the Mongolian invasion in 1240 the village was devastated. Later the settlement revived, and its inhabitants were famous for making ceramics and burn-clay products. In 1943, the main events of major Kyiv offensive during the Great Patriotic took place near Novi Petrivtsi. To the north of it, near the Liutizh Village, the units of the 1st Ukrainian Front took the beachhead for forced crossing of Dnipro. The Liutizh and Bukryn (situated farther to the south, near Balyko-Shchuchynka Village) beachheads played the key role in liberation of Kyiv from fascists. The fact that 1,500 fighters crossing the Dnipro were decorated with a star of the Hero of the Soviet Union (many of them posthumously), sustains the heroism of the soldiers of the Red Army. In this sense no other military operation of the Great Patriotic war rivaled this battle. On the occasion of the 15th Anniversary of Novi Petrivtsi military operation the Memorial Museum of Liberation of Kyiv from fascist invaders was erected on the artificial mound (1958, sculptor I. Pershudchev, architects I. Miletskiy, V. Baklanov). It may be the only building in Ukraine with a museum set in the pedestal of the monument. Not far away from it there are substantially restored defensive installations: shelters, trenches and observation posts of generals M. Vatutin, K. Moskalenko, and P. Rybalko. On the 45th Anniversary of the Great Patriotic the diorama "Battle for Kyiv. Liutizh beachhead, 1943" (1980, artist M. Prisekin) was opened on the new premises.


 
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