Oleksandr Bohomolets, born May 24, 1881, in Kyiv, died July 19, 1946, in Kyiv. Prominent pathophysiologist and scientific administrator, full member of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and its president in 1930-46, full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and its vice-resident from 1942. Bohomolets graduated from the medical faculty of Odesa University in 1906 and worked as a lecturer there. In 1911-25 he served as professor at Saratov University in Russia and in 1925-31 as professor of pathophysiology at Moscow University; he was also director of the Institute of Hematology and Transfusion in Moscow (1928-31). In 1931 he moved to Kyiv, where he founded the Institute of Experimental Biology and Pathology and the Institute of Clinical Physiology (in 1953 the O. Bohomolets Institute of Physiology was formed out of these two institutes).
Bohomolets was the founder of a large school of pathophysiologists. He developed the hypothesis that the course of a disease and recovery depend not only on the causal agent, but also on the resistance of the organism, which depends primarily on the condition of the nervous system and the connective tissue. He demonstrated that connective tissue has a protective function in the organism and plays a role in its nourishment. He discovered an effective method of changing the condition of connective tissue by means of a stimulant discovered by him which gained him worldwide fame. Bohomolets wrote many works in biology, physiology, and pathology.