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Verkhivnia

Hansky palace
Hansky palace
Verkhivnia is a village (1,100 residents), Ruzhyn Region, located on the slopes of Postel River valley. The first record of it was in 1600. During the liberation War of Ukrainian people in 1648-1654 the village belonged to Colonel I. Minkovsky, and Bohdan Khmelnytsky confirmed his heirs' right of possession by the special Universal in 1657. In 1667, after the Polish-Russian war, these lands were again ceded to the Rzeczpospolita, and Verkhivnia together with neighboring villages passed into ownership of prince Liubomyrsky. In 1780, the village was purchased by Count V. Hansky, which established there his family's estate. He built there a late-classical palace and developed a classical landscape park. The count erected an estate Catholic chapel, where two inherited outbuildings stood (1810). Early in the 19th c. the estate owner founded a cloth factory in Verkhivnia. Taking her rest in Switzerland in 1833, Countess E. Hanska met new star of French literature H. Balzac. For the first time Balzac visited the Hanskys'estate in 1847. He kept fruitfully working there all winter. He went to France for the summer, and returned in the fall intending to marry E. Hanska. They got married in 18 months in Berdychiv and soon drove back to France forever. H. Balzac died in Paris in 1850; the plaque on the Hanskys' palace commemorating his romance of coming down to Ukraine [38] and the modest museum inaugurated in 1959 remind of the French writer. Having moved to France, E. Hanska (born Countess Rzewuska) handed the estate over to her folks and never returned to Verkhivnia. The Soviets used the palace premises to found the agricultural college, which is still active.


 
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