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Zhytomyr oblast

Teterev
Teterev
One of the oldest oblasts (29,900km², 5.0% of the territory of the country) of Northern Ukraine formed in 1937. The oblast comprises 23 regions, 11 cities, 43 settlements, and 1,620 villages. Total population makes 1,330,049 (2.8% of country's total), of which urban population makes 751,000 (57.0% of population of the oblast). The climate is temperate continental with mild winter (the January average makes -5°C, -6°C) and warm moist summer (the July average is +18°C, +19°C). The annual precipitation makes 510-600mm falling mostly in summer. The northern territory is located within the limits of Polissia flat-and-wavy lowlands covered with mixed woods (pine and birch) with occasional swamps; the south-west is within the limits of Prydniprovya Highlands jagged with river valleys, gullies, and ravines. The absolute height above sea level makes 150-280m, maximal up to 316m (Slovechansko-Ovruchsky Ridge in the north of Polissia lowlands). The rivers of Zhytomyr oblast—Teteriv, Sluch, Uzh, Ubort etc—cut old crystalline rock creating extraordinarily picturesque landscapes, which are the natural visiting-card of the oblast.

The first settlements appeared here in the Lower Paleolithic (over 50 millennia ago). The Slavic tribes had populated all territory of contemporary oblast before Common Era, and by VII—VIII CE the Eastern Slavic tribe of drevliany was formed;Iater they created their principality. At the end of the 9th c. Prince of Kyiv Oleg conquered them and lay under contribution; next three centuries were marked by incessant domestic armed conflicts. Only the external threat could to stop them: in 1240 the armies of Batu Khan swept across this territory destroying cities and killing populace. For over a century the population paid contribution to Mongols, until the Grand Duchy of Lithuania managed to drive aggressive nomads back east in 1362. In 1471 Kyiv principality was liquidated, and the territory of contemporary oblast formed a part of Kyiv Province, distant district of Lithuania. Enjoying loyalty from the side of Golden Horde, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania scored new enemies: the Crimean Tatars set in for devastating raids for 150 to come. In 1569 Poland and Lithuania formed a political union, Rzeczpospolita, which began the part of Volyn Province, which with insignificant transformations lasted until the early 20s of the 20th c. In 1804 Zhytomyr became its center.

Despite considerable destructions during the Great Patriotic war, there remained modified Kyivan Rus buildings and varying Orthodox and Catholic buildings for public worship of the 16th to 20th c. in the Zhytomyr Oblast. iTie landmarks included palaces, administrative buildings, park buildings, and monuments of the 18th to 20th c. There is one preserve and a great number of natural reserves and natural sights.


 
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