The region is located in the center of Ukraine and has an advantageous geographical position. Its territory is crossed by major highways, railways and the Dnipro river. The length of Kre-menchuk water reservoir is 130 km. Its average depth is 6 m, the total flood area reaches 2,252 sq km. The Kanivsky National Park is the biggest one in the forest steppe area. It occupies 341,100 ha.
Population of the Cherkasy Region is about 1,478,000 people. Area of the Cherkassy Region is 20,900 sq km.
Cherkasy region is the youngest in Ukraine. Established in 1954, the region was surrounded by the borders of Vin-nytsya, Kyiv, Kirovograd and Poltava regions. Its territory accounts for 3.5% of the total area of Ukraine. The agricultural land amounts to 1,456,000 ha, including 1,286,300 ha of ploughed fields, 139,100 ha of meadow and pastures and 30,100 ha of perennial plantations. The region has 20 administrative districts, 16 towns of region subordination, like Cherkasy, Smila, Uman, Kaniv, Vatutine and Zolotonosha, and 15 townships and 823 villages.
This is an industrial and agrarian region. Manufacturing industry accounts of 40 % of the total output; agriculture ó 24%; construction ó 7%.
Over 300 industrial plants are found in this region. Food and chemical industries prevail (36.2% and 28.4%, respectively). Machine building and metalworking sectors account for 7.6%, power engineering, 11.8%, light industry, 4.7%. The region produces synthetic ammonia, mineral fertilisers (over one fifth of total output in Ukraine);
chemical fibres and threads (over one third of the total output); automatic control devices, equipment for manufacturing industry, equipment for animal husbandry and fodder production, chemical equipment, equipment for production of chemical fibres, medical equipment. Local companies produce silk and cotton cloth, knitted goods; garment products. The region also manufactures washing machines, TV sets, watches, telephone sets, electric meat grinders, china, earthenware and majolica.
The region has a well-developed agricultural sector. Agricultural area in the region makes up 88 %. As far as the soil fertility is concerned, the region occupies the first place in Ukraine, the land area per capita exceeds the country's average.
Grain crops occupy 547,000 ha (42.5% of arable land), sugar beet, 88,000 ha (6.8%), sunflower, 61,300 ha (4.8 %). Such structure defines the main directions of development of agricultural sector, which concentrates on production of grain, sugar beet and cattle.