Ukraine is both an industrial and an agricultural country. It has many industrial raw materials. It has rich deposits of iron and other metals, coal, oil, gas, different ores and other natural resources. The country has metallurgical and heavy industries.
Ukraine produces planes and ocean liners, locomotives and carriages, tractors and combines, excavators and cars, up-to-date lathes and instruments, electronic microscopes and TV sets, and computers, and synthetic diamonds.
The leading industries are power engineering, machine building, and chemical production.
The climate and the relief of our country is good for agriculture. Farmers grow wheat, rye, buckwheat, beets and sugar beets, maize, tomatoes, potatoes, and many other agricultural crops. The production of cereals, meat, milk, eggs, and other agricultural products is constantly increasing.
Scientists of Ukraine have enriched the world of science with important discoveries and inventions. They have contributed much to solving the main technical problems of automation of production and electric welding. They have created new improved machines and mechanisms. They do important research work in biology, medicine, and nuclear physics.
An important contribution was made by Ukrainian scientists to the development of bridge construction.
Scientists of Ukraine make great contributions to science in our country. The Academy of Sciences of Ukraine includes many outstanding scientists and research workers famous for their important discoveries and inventions. Great success has been achieved by Yev. Paton Research Institute of Electric Welding, the Research Institute of Cybernetics and Superhard Materials, and others.