|Ukraine is a sovereign state. It has its own territory, higher and local bodies of state power (the Supreme Soviet and local Soviets) and government, national emblem, state flag and anthem. The capital is Kyiv.
The population of Ukraine are Ukrainians (73.6%). Besides, Russians (21.1%), Jews (1.3%), Byelorussians (0.8%), Moldovians (0.6%), Poles and Bulgarians (0.5% each) and other nations and nationalities live here. There are 24 administrative regions and the Crimean autonomous republic in Ukraine.
The geographical position of Ukraine is very favourable to the development of its relations with countries of Europe, as well as with the countries throughout the world. It borders on the Russian Federation, Byelorussia, Moldova, Poland, Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania.
95% of the Ukrainian area is flat and the rest of it is mountainous. The Ukrainian Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains make up those 5 % of its area. Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the sea of Azov and it has important ports. The major rivers are the Dnieper, the Dniester, the Bug, the Donets and others.
Ukraine has many industrial raw materials, it has rich deposits of iron, metals, coal, oil, gas, different ores and other natural resources. The country has metallurgical and heavy industries.
Scientists of Ukraine make a great contribution in our science. The Academy of Science of Ukraine includes many outstanding scientists and research workers famous for their important discoveries and inventions. Great success has been achieved by Yev. Paton Research Institute of Electric Welding, the Research Institute of Cybernetics, Superhard Materials, and others.
Ukraine has an ancient history. It has its own original culture and arts. Ukraine has many professional theatres and Philharmonic societies. The State Symphony Orchestra of the Ukraine, the Hrihory Veryovka Ukrainian People's Choir, the Transcarpathian People's Choir, the "Dumka" State Honoured Choir, the Honoured Bandore Players Choir, the Dance Company of the Ukraine are known not only in the country but all over the world.